Biography (469-399 B.C.E)
“To find yourself, think for yourself.”
The Philosophy of Socrates
- Study of Human Nature. Socrates marks the transition from philosophy as a study of the universe to a study of human nature.
- Self Education. The only true wisdom and knowledge comes from self-education and self-discovery. Socrates said that he was “the wisest man” he knew, for he knew that he “knew nothing.”
- The Nature of Virtue
- Moral Scale. Socrates had established a sort of moral scale by which to measure the inherent good of things. At the bottom of this scale was external good; money, possessions and material wealth. Near the middle of the scale was the good of the body; health, strength, and the like. At the top of the scale was the good of the soul; wisdom and moral integrity.
- Destroy Assumptions: Socrates said that philosophy is a peculiar practice because it builds by destroying and what it destroys is assumptions.
The Socratic Method
The full presentation of Socrates notes is available here.