Biography (427-347 B.C.E)
The World of Forms
- Only these Forms are truly real, the physical world possesses only a relative reality
- Forms assure order in a world that is in constant state of change
- They provide the pattern from which the world of sense achieves meaning
- The supreme idea is the Idea of the Good
- Humans, in an uninstructed state, are chained in a world of shadows and false perceptions
- Harmony of the Universe comes from realization and acceptance of the Idea of the Good, which is the center of truth.
Allegory of the Cave
Doctrine of Innatism
We all possess immortal souls which have had previous existence. All learning is just recollection, or anamnesis. We recall the world of forms, but only a few can get past the world of sense and imagination to see it.
The title “Republic” is derived from the Latin title given to the work by Cicero. Plato’s Greek language title, Politeia, described the government of a Polisor city-state. The character Socrates and his friends discuss the nature of an ideal city.