Our final project will be a research paper and a presentation about education reform. Its major components are due the day of the final, and they represent an opportunity to have a voice about the direction of our schools and to work collaboratively to solve some challenging issues.

The assignment sheet is located here.

Additional Resources for Writing a Research Paper

Your collaborative review document is available here. It needs to be completed by the start of class on Tuesday. After that, others can claim your assignment for extra credit and you will receive a zero.

Instructions are on the page right after the table of contents and my sample document (Walden) is a good guide to follow in your work.

The folder of readings is available here.


The calendar for our AP preparation is available on the calendar link at the top of the page and here.

For many of you, these three and a half weeks represent the chance to hone your skills to become ready for the AP Exam. For others, they represent the chance to develop your score from a ‘3’ to a ‘4’ or a ‘4’ to a ‘5’.

Please make sure that you give the essays the time and attention they deserve. While many will be written in class, those outside of class should be treated with seriousness and commitment.

Please try to make it to multiple choice review sessions. The best way to practice for the AP exam’s multiple choice section is to practice the multiple choice section.

Additionally, all of my AP review material is available here.

Let’s get this!

Your Lincoln revisions (and late first drafts) are due Friday in class. Please make sure to have them printed and attached to the revision guide and, if appropriate, your first draft.



These are the potential questions for the propaganda exam on Friday. Each should be answered in a thoughtful, specific paragraph of 6-10 sentences that demonstrates an understanding of the text, our discussion, and the notes.

  1. Construct an argument in which you prove Chomsky and Herman wrong. Why might their model not work? Be sure to offer multiple, defended points of opposition. After all, these guys do have PhDs.
  2. How, according to Orwell, can misused language be used to justify, promote, or defend totalitarianism?
  3. Explain and analyze Jacques Ellul’s claim that effective propaganda must reach the individual in the masses and masses of individuals.
  4. Using Jacques Ellul’s “current events man” and Neil Postman’s theory about television spectacle, explain how the news media fails to educate the public in the United States.
  5. Describe Chomsky and Herman’s concept of framing the debate and explain how the practice undermines democratic discourse in the United States.
  6. Explain the fundamental dilemma of democracy and explain how the proliferation of propaganda in the United States makes democratic discourse so challenging.
  7. Explain Chomsky and Herman’s contention that ownership and advertising undermine news coverage and evaluate whether you believe their claims are valid.
  8. Discuss Neil Postman’s theory about media ecology and explain how he believes we are the product of the dominant media of our time.